Table 20. Literacy of the USSR Population (9 years old and up) Distributed in Sex and Nationality


                            
                  Table 20.         Literacy of the USSR Population (9 years old and up)
                                        Distributed in Sex and Nationality
                                                                                                                                                          
                                                                        % of literate population
 The most numerous                  |  year                                                                                                               
   nationalities                    |   of            |                                                     including
                                    | Census          | in the age of                                                                                     
                                                      | 9 years and up                    | 9-49 years old                    | 50 years and up
                                                                                                                                                                  9 and over
                                                      |  male           | female          |  male           |  female         |  male           |  female         males                               females
                                                                                                                                                          
1.Russians                              1926              75.6              42.8              80.7              49.6              48.3                13               756            -680.4               428            -385.2
                                        1939              93.7              74.4              96.9              85.3              72.8              27.2               937            -843.3               744            -669.6
2.Ukranians                             1926              73.1              35.2              78.7              40.9              41.4               5.8               731            -657.9               352            -316.8
                                        1939              94.7              75.1              97.6              86.1              74.5              20.3               947            -852.3               751            -675.9
3.Belorussians                          1926              67.7              28.7                76              33.9              28.7               4.4               677            -609.3               287            -258.3
                                        1939              90.4              66.4              96.3              78.8              57.6              13.3               904            -813.6               664            -597.6
4.Uzbeks                                1926                 8               1.2               8.5               1.4               5.5               0.6                80               -72                12             -10.8
                                        1939              69.3              57.2              80.6                70              13.1               4.2               693            -623.7               572            -514.8
5.Tatars                                1926               534              31.6              58.2                36              28.7              11.3               534                 0               316            -284.4
                                        1939              84.7              71.5                91              80.1              49.5              33.1               847            -762.3               715            -643.5
6.Kazakhs                               1926              15.9               1.3              17.3               1.5               9.6               0.3               159            -143.1                13             -11.7
                                        1939              71.2              51.5              79.9              61.8              20.5               3.2               712            -640.8               515            -463.5
7.Jews                                  1926              90.6              80.2              92.9              87.6              80.4              47.8               906            -815.4               802            -721.8
                                        1939              97.5              91.5              98.8              96.7              91.9              70.9               975            -877.5               915            -823.5
8.Azerbaijanians                        1926              18.4                 3              20.5               3.7               8.2               0.3               184            -165.6                30               -27
                                        1939              73.7                53              83.5              65.7              22.3               4.7               737            -663.3               530              -477
9.Georgians                             1926              58.6                42              65.8              48.3              31.9              17.5               586            -527.4               420              -378
                                        1939              87.2              77.8                95              89.7              56.1              36.1               872            -784.8               778            -700.2
10.Armenians                            1926              56.4              29.2              60.7              33.7              33.4               9.3               564            -507.6               292            -262.8
                                        1939              88.3              69.5              94.5              81.1              57.6              21.5               883            -794.7               695            -625.5
11.Mordvinians                          1926              51.2              10.2              57.6              11.9              21.6               2.1               512            -460.8               102             -91.8
                                        1939                87              51.1                93              61.3              51.6                 7               870              -783               511            -459.9
12.Germans                              1926              80.9              76.2              80.8              77.5              81.7              68.5               809            -728.1               762            -685.8
                                        1939              95.2              92.1                96              93.5              88.8              84.5               952            -856.8               921            -828.9
13.Chuvashi                             1926                64              22.2              72.7              26.5              20.3               1.1               640              -576               222            -199.8
                                        1939              89.1              68.3              96.2              81.8              51.6               8.7               891            -801.9               683            -614.7
14.Tadjiks                              1926                52               0.5               5.2               0.5               5.3               0.3                52                 0                 5              -4.5
                                        1939              73.1              61.7              84.4              75.7              14.5               4.1               731            -657.9               617            -555.3
15.Kirghiz                              1926              10.7               0.4              11.8               0.4               0.5                 0               107             -96.3                 4              -3.6
                                        1939              69.4              56.8              80.4              70.1              18.6               5.5               694            -624.6               568            -511.2
16.Daghestan                                                                                                                                                                               0                                   0
   nationalities                        1926                            no information                                                                                                     0                                   0
                                        1939                77              55.4              85.7              72.8                39               8.7               770              -693               554            -498.6
17.Bashkirs                             1926              46.3              18.9              49.8              21.3              25.6                 6               463            -416.7               189            -170.1
                                        1939              81.8              63.7              88.6              73.3              43.1              23.4               818            -736.2               637            -573.3
18.Turkmens                             1926                50                 1               5.7               0.2               1.5                 0                50                 0                 1                 0
                                        1939              65.4              53.2              77.1              65.8               6.8               1.5               654            -588.6               532            -478.8
19.Poles                                1926              67.5              50.5              72.5              55.4              43.7              28.8               675            -607.5               505            -454.5
                                        1939              90.9                79                96                88                70              47.4               909            -818.1               790              -711
20.Udmurts                              1926              53.8              14.8              62.8              18.2              14.2               0.4               538            -484.2               148            -133.2
                                        1939                86              57.2              94.5              70.3              38.8               3.8               860              -774               572            -514.8
21.Mari                                 1926              59.4                13              67.9              15.6              19.5               1.1               594            -534.6               130              -117
                                        1939                87              56.4              94.3                69                48               5.6               870              -783               564            -507.6
22.Komi                                 1926              63.8              26.7              73.1              32.4              25.4               2.3               638            -574.2               267            -240.3
                                        1939              87.9              62.1              94.6              75.5              50.6                 9               879            -791.1               621            -558.9
23.Chetchens                            1926               6.5               0.2               6.8               0.2                 5               0.1                65             -58.5                 2              -1.8
                                        1939              57.6              27.8                68              37.1              18.1               1.2               576            -518.4               278            -250.2
24.Ossets                               1926                42              15.2                47              18.2              16.9               1.1               420              -378               152            -136.8
                                        1939              82.5              57.7                90              70.4              43.7               7.7               825            -742.5               577            -519.3
25.Greeks                               1926              87.8              68.4              90.1              76.6              72.8              21.2               878            -790.2               684            -615.6
                                        1939              91.3                75              94.3              83.7              72.9              31.3               913            -821.7               750              -675
26.Moldavians                           1926              55.3              13.4              61.1              15.9              24.8               1.3               553            -497.7               134            -120.6
                                        1939              88.1              61.4              93.1                73              58.3               9.4               881            -792.9               614            -552.6
27.Karelians                            1926              79.6              52.9              86.5              61.6              52.2              24.1               796            -716.4               529            -476.1
                                        1939              90.3              67.2              96.4                84              59.8              13.3               903            -812.7               672            -604.8
28.Yakuts                               1926              11.3               2.6              14.3               3.4               1.3               0.1               113            -101.7                26             -23.4
                                        1939              59.3              47.3              77.5              62.4               8.1               1.6               593            -533.7               473            -425.7
29.Buryats                              1926              45.1              11.4              50.8              14.2              23.9                 1               451            -405.9               114            -102.6
                                        1939              76.5              59.2                88              75.5              32.5               4.7               765            -688.5               592            -532.8
30.Karakalpaks                          1926               2.7               0.1               2.7               0.1               2.7                                  27             -24.3                 1              -0.9
                                        1939              61.7              46.1              74.8              60.6               9.8               1.2               617            -555.3               461            -414.9
31.Koreans                              1926              58.1              26.9              65.1              31.3              30.2               3.5               581            -522.9               269            -242.1
                                        1939              80.3              63.7              90.9              74.7              42.8               6.8               803            -722.7               637            -573.3
32.Kabardinians                         1926                            no information                                                                                                     0                                   0
                                        1939              73.9              53.6              84.1                66              23.5               8.4               739            -665.1               536            -482.4
33.Northern                                                                                                                                                                                0                                   0
   peoples                              1926                            no information                                                                                                     0                                   0
                                        1939              48.2              36.6                57              44.6               9.6                 3               482            -433.8               366            -329.4
34.Estonians                            1926                            no information                                                                                                     0                                   0
                                        1939              95.9              92.8              97.5              95.8              89.2              84.4               959            -863.1               928            -835.2
35.Finns                                1926              79.6              52.9              86.5              61.6              52.2              24.1               796            -716.4               529            -476.1
                                        1939                97              94.4              98.3              97.5              89.9              83.8               970              -873               944            -849.6
36.Kalmyks                              1926              20.5               3.6              23.2               4.4               6.5               0.2               205            -184.5                36             -32.4
                                        1939              67.2              50.2              78.6              64.1              16.4               2.3               672            -604.8               502            -451.8
37.Letts and                                                                                                                                                                               0                                   0
  Lattgalls                             1926                            no information                                                                                                     0                                   0
                                        1939              95.5              91.4              97.4              95.2              89.1              81.3               955            -859.5               914            -822.6
38.Bulgarians                           1926              83.2                53              86.1              59.3              63.6              12.2               832            -748.8               530              -477
                                        1939              96.4              82.4              97.7              89.9              88.2              37.1               964            -867.6               824            -741.6
39.Uygurs                               1926              18.7               2.7                20               3.1                12               0.2               187            -168.3                27             -24.3
                                        1939              63.5              57.8              73.6              69.9              15.4               5.9               635            -571.5               578            -520.2
40.Ingushi                              1926              20.8               1.8                23               2.2                11               0.3               208            -187.2                18             -16.2
                                        1939              63.1              15.7              72.2              20.7              23.2               1.5               631            -567.9               157            -141.3
41.Gipsies                              1926                            no information                                                                                                     0                                   0
                                        1939              38.4              23.6              42.2              27.5              17.3               5.8               384            -345.6               236            -212.4
42.Adygeys and                                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0
  Circassians                           1926                                                                                                                                               0                                   0
                                        1939              80.8              56.4              87.9              67.9              38.3              10.9               808            -727.2               564            -507.6
43.Talyshi                              1926               8.5               0.2               9.6               0.2               3.9               0.1                85             -76.5                 2              -1.8
                                        1939              71.8              52.8              82.2                65              18.2               4.5               718            -646.2               528            -475.2
44.Karatchai                            1926              20.1               4.3              22.6               5.2               9.7               0.7               201            -180.9                43             -38.7
                                        1939              73.2              50.9              84.6              65.4              25.4               7.3               732            -658.8               509            -458.1
45.Abkhazians                           1926              21.7               5.5              25.8               6.7                 5               0.6               217            -195.3                55             -49.5
                                        1939              68.8              47.3              83.1                61              16.2               4.2               688            -619.2               473            -425.7
46.Khakass                              1926              26.3               6.7              30.8               8.1                 5               0.4               263            -236.7                67             -60.3
                                        1939                73              54.1              84.8              66.2              16.7               3.8               730              -657               541            -486.9
47.Oyrots                               1926              21.3               8.2              24.4               9.6                 8               1.8               213            -191.7                82             -73.8
                                        1939              73.9              56.1              84.1              67.8              21.6               0.3               739            -665.1               561            -504.9
48.Kurds                                1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              53.2              32.1              64.6              41.6               6.2               1.7               532            -478.8               321            -288.9
49.Balkars                              1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              70.5              56.4              85.2              73.3                20               7.6               705            -634.5               564            -507.6
50.Iranians                             1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              58.7              51.8              67.8              61.8              20.4               7.2               587            -528.3               518            -466.2
51.Nogayts                              1926              11.9               0.7              12.3               0.9              10.1                                 119            -107.1                 7              -6.3
                                        1939              63.6              46.6              71.8              56.5              24.1               3.8               636            -572.4               466            -419.4
52.Lithuaninans                         1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              93.7                85              97.1                93              87.2              69.2               937            -843.3               850              -765
53.Chinese                              1926              36.4               9.3              37.9               9.7              25.1               3.2               364            -327.6                93             -83.7
                                        1939              38.1              67.3                46              70.7              25.2              10.4               381            -342.9               673            -605.7
54.Veps                                 1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              87.8              60.9              95.8              76.8              48.9               7.8               878            -790.2               609            -548.1
55.Czekh and                                                                                                                                                                               0                                   0
  Slovaks                               1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              97.3              94.6              98.8              97.4              94.2              83.5               973            -875.7               946            -851.4
56.Arabs                                1926                            no     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                       0                                   0
                                        1939              64.3              58.3              75.8              70.9               7.6                 2               643            -578.7               583            -524.7
57.Assirians                            1926                            n o     i n f o r m a t i o n                                                                                      0                                   0
                                        1939              76.8              58.4              85.7              68.4              38.5              12.3               768            -691.2               584            -525.6

Original data entry errors corrected.

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Материалы переписи населения СССР 1939 г.