Table 36. Urban and Rural Employed Population Distributed into Branches of the Economy and Manufactures


                            
   Table 36.Urban and Rural Employed Population Distributed
        into Branches of the Economy and Manufactures

                                                              Urban                                                  Rural
Branches of the                                                                                                                                   
Economy and                                 number             including women                     number             including women
manufactures                                  of                                                     of                                           
                                            employed                            in % to            employed                            in % to
                                            persons                             the total          persons                             the total
                                                               number           in this                               number           in this            urban                                                                                                       rural
                                                                                manufac-                                               manufac-           total                               incl                                                                    total                               incl
                                                                                ture                                                   ture               empl                                women                               %age                                empl                                women                               %age

   I.INDUSTRY                               11102952           4199226               37.8           3841835           1187195               30.9          11102952                 0           4199226                 0              37.8               0.0           3841835                 0           1187195                 0              30.9               0.0
Electric power stations                       173353             37723               21.8             33249              3344               10.1            173353                 0             37723                 0              21.8              -0.0             33249                 0              3344                 0              10.1              -0.0
Coal-mining                                   612118            130271               21.3             76600             10933               14.3            612118                 0            130271                 0              21.3              -0.0             76600                 0             10933                 0              14.3              -0.0
Oil-extracting                                 61309              8487               13.8             15081              1578               10.5             61309                 0              8487                 0              13.8               0.0             15081                 0              1578                 0              10.5              -0.0
Peat & shales                                  54757             17943               32.8            111534             47158               42.3             54757                 0             17943                 0              32.8              -0.0            111534                 0             47158                 0              42.3              -0.0
Ore-mining                                    235886             48980               20.8            203306             22668               11.1            235886                 0             48980                 0              20.8              -0.0            203306                 0             22668                 0              11.1               0.0
Minerals mining for                            25255              6297               24.9             12076              2362               19.6             25255                 0              6297                 0              24.9               0.0             12076                 0              2362                 0              19.6              -0.0
  construction &                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  non-ored mineral mining                      78699             15375               19.5             98870             17866               18.1             78699                 0             15375                 0              19.5               0.0             98870                 0             17866                 0              18.1              -0.0
Metallurgy                                    583089            160474               27.5             35158              7398               21.0            583089                 0            160474                 0              27.5               0.0             35158                 0              7398                 0                21               0.0
Mechanical engineering                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  & metal-working                            3248227            986045               30.4            477676            105474               22.1           3248227                 0            986045                 0              30.4              -0.0            477676                 0            105474                 0              22.1              -0.0
Chemical(inclu-                                                                                                                                                                    0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  ding fuel)                                  491510            171505               34.9             87776             25065               28.6            491510                 0            171505                 0              34.9              -0.0             87776                 0             25065                 0              28.6              -0.0
Rubber & asbestos                              87155             47846               54.9             12416              6173               49.7             87155                 0             47846                 0              54.9              -0.0             12416                 0              6173                 0              49.7               0.0
Mineral construction                                                                                                                                                               0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  materials production                        242646             76742               31.6            120173             33897               28.2            242646                 0             76742                 0              31.6               0.0            120173                 0             33897                 0              28.2               0.0
Glass, porcelain &                                                                                                                                                                 0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  earthenware                                 155227             70545               45.4             70048             27079               38.7            155227                 0             70545                 0              45.4               0.0             70048                 0             27079                 0              38.7              -0.0
Woodworking                                   526487            170455               32.4            323214             81725               25.3            526487                 0            170455                 0              32.4              -0.0            323214                 0             81725                 0              25.3              -0.0
Pulp & paper                                   67863             28432               41.9             28257             10393               36.8             67863                 0             28432                 0              41.9              -0.0             28257                 0             10393                 0              36.8              -0.0
Printing                                      159089             81254               51.1             32246             14277               44.3            159089                 0             81254                 0              51.1              -0.0             32246                 0             14277                 0              44.3              -0.0
Textile                                      1001963            602264               60.1            458033            241567               52.7           1001963                 0            602264                 0              60.1               0.0            458033                 0            241567                 0              52.7               0.0
Knitted-goods                                 168567            137006               81.3             76447             70627               92.4            168567                 0            137006                 0              81.3              -0.0             76447                 0             70627                 0              92.4              -0.0
Sewing                                        585434            425036               72.6            184887            123756               66.9            585434                 0            425036                 0              72.6               0.0            184887                 0            123756                 0              66.9               0.0
Tanning, shoe & furriery                      540837            193096               35.7            246776             33136               13.4            540837                 0            193096                 0              35.7               0.0            246776                 0             33136                 0              13.4               0.0
Tobacco & makhorka                             34776             19386               55.7              4763              1942               40.8             34776                 0             19386                 0              55.7               0.0              4763                 0              1942                 0              40.8              -0.0
Fishing                                        94976             20047               21.1            221203             34999               15.8             94976                 0             20047                 0              21.1               0.0            221203                 0             34999                 0              15.8               0.0
Food                                         1097308            446433               40.7            708109            212603               30.0           1097308                 0            446433                 0              40.7              -0.0            708109                 0            212603                 0                30               0.0
Hunting                                         3897               119                3.1             33012               966                2.9              3897                 0               119                 0               3.1              -0.0             33012                 0               966                 0               2.9               0.0
Other branches of industry                    497228            221182               44.5            129052             44458               34.4            497228                 0            221182                 0              44.5              -0.0            129052                 0             44458                 0              34.4               0.0
Management and service                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  staff of the state &                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  producers co-operation                                                                                                                                                           0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  industries (excluding                                                                                                                                                            0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  "narkomats", departments                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  of executive commitees,                                                                                                                                                          0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  central and regional                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  organizations of                                                                                                                                                                 0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  producers co-coperation)                    275296             76283               27.7             41873              5751               13.7            275296                 0             76283                 0              27.7               0.0             41873                 0              5751                 0              13.7               0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   II.AGRICULTURE                            1536480            575048               37.4          38660645          20403631               52.8           1536480                 0            575048                 0              37.4               0.0          38660645                 0          20403631                 0              52.8              -0.0
State farms                                   260076             86686               33.3           1186844            419259               35.3            260076                 0             86686                 0              33.3               0.0           1186844                 0            419259                 0              35.3               0.0
Machine & tractor stations                    130823             12056                9.2           1251480             89018                7.1            130823                 0             12056                 0               9.2               0.0           1251480                 0             89018                 0               7.1               0.0
Collective farms                              855379            362748               42.4          34241469          18794059               54.9            805379             50000            362748                 0              42.4               0.0          34241469                 0          18794059                 0              54.9              -0.0
Producers collective farms                      3592               867               24.1            107914             35104               32.5              3592                 0               867                 0              24.1               0.0            107914                 0             35104                 0              32.5               0.0
Other agricultural enterprises                                                                                                                                                     0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  of the state, producers co-                                                                                                                                                      0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
 -operative & public organizations            110297             43629               39.6            245000             92607               37.8            110297                 0             43629                 0              39.6              -0.0            245000                 0             92607                 0              37.8              -0.0
Entreprises & institutions                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  providing agricultural                                                                                                                                                           0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  service (excluding                                                                                                                                                               0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  "narcomats", departments                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  executive commitees &                                                                                                                                                            0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  Soviets)                                    109834             31787               28.9            109558             23198               21.2            109834                 0             31787                 0              28.9               0.0            109558                 0             23198                 0              21.2              -0.0
Individual farms                               66479             37275               56.1           1518380            950386               62.6             66479                 0             37275                 0              56.1              -0.0           1518380                 0            950386                 0              62.6              -0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   III.FORESTRY                               295161             48064               16.3           1364389            197012               14.4            295161                 0             48064                 0              16.3              -0.0           1364389                 0            197012                 0              14.4               0.0
Protection of the forests &                                                                                                                                                        0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  afforestation                                44710              7718               17.3            192288             28412               14.8             44710                 0              7718                 0              17.3              -0.0            192288                 0             28412                 0              14.8              -0.0
Timber & timber-rafting                       250451             40346               16.1           1172101            168600               14.4            250451                 0             40346                 0              16.1               0.0           1172101                 0            168600                 0              14.4              -0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   IV.CONSTRUTION                                                                                                                                                                  0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
Construction enterprises &                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  organizations, economicaly                                                                                                                                                       0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  planned construction works                                                                                                                                                       0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  & individual construction                  2070338            358016               17.3           1161215             88500                7.6           2070338                 0            358016                 0              17.3              -0.0           1161215                 0             88500                 0               7.6               0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  V.TRANSPORT & COMMUNICATION                2277247            594346               26.1           1186184            239051               20.2           2277247                 0            594346                 0              26.1              -0.0           1186184                 0            239051                 0              20.2              -0.0
Rail-way transport                           1223780            296255               24.2            666807            127486               19.1           1223780                 0            296255                 0              24.2               0.0            666807                 0            127486                 0              19.1               0.0
Water transport                               203876             30235               14.8             84398             10903               12.9            203876                 0             30235                 0              14.8               0.0             84398                 0             10903                 0              12.9               0.0
Public mechanical transport                                                                                                                                                        0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  (subway, street cars, buses,                                                                                                                                                     0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  trolleybuses, taxi-cabs)                    160278             68565               42.8             12908              4151               32.2            160278                 0             68565                 0              42.8              -0.0             12908                 0              4151                 0              32.2              -0.0
Others means of transportation                376850             37544               10.0            207679             16771                8.1            376850                 0             37544                 0                10              -0.0            207679                 0             16771                 0               8.1              -0.0
Communication services                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  (post-offices, telegraph,                                                                                                                                                        0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  telephone, radio)                           312463            161747               51.8            214392             79740               37.2            312463                 0            161747                 0              51.8              -0.0            214392                 0             79740                 0              37.2              -0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  VI.TRADE, SUPPLY and                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   PUBLIC CATERING                           2418989           1106876               45.8           1406807            426242               30.3           2418989                 0           1106876                 0              45.8              -0.0           1406807                 0            426242                 0              30.3              -0.0
Trade enterprises & institutions             1500567            591695               39.4            800978            179824               22.5           1500567                 0            591695                 0              39.4               0.0            800978                 0            179824                 0              22.5              -0.0
Enterprises & institutions                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  supplying agricultural                                                                                                                                                           0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  products & raw stuff                        296710             82972               28.0            387689             90613               23.4            296710                 0             82972                 0                28              -0.0            387689                 0             90613                 0              23.4              -0.0
Enterprises & institutions                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  of public catering                          621712            432209               69.5            218140            155805               71.4            621712                 0            432209                 0              69.5               0.0            218140                 0            155805                 0              71.4               0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  VII.HOUSING & COMMUNAL SERVICES             761479            369359               48.5            151857             70823               46.6            761479                 0            369359                 0              48.5               0.0            151857                 0             70823                 0              46.6               0.0
Hotels, mansions of collective                                                                                                                                                     0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   farmers & peasants                          36243             23458               64.7              7202              4625               64.2             36243                 0             23458                 0              64.7               0.0              7202                 0              4625                 0              64.2               0.0
Bath-houses, laundries,                                                                                                                                                            0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  hairdressing saloons                        235130            158144               67.3             58943             38225               64.9            235130                 0            158144                 0              67.3              -0.0             58943                 0             38225                 0              64.9              -0.0
Housing                                       280137            133416               47.6             33210             20901               62.9            280137                 0            133416                 0              47.6               0.0             33210                 0             20901                 0              62.9               0.0
Public & communal services                    209969             54341               25.9             52502              7072               13.5            209969                 0             54341                 0              25.9              -0.0             52502                 0              7072                 0              13.5              -0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
 VIII. EDUCATION, SCIENCE,                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
         ART and PRESS                       1764758            963016               54.6           1418196            727982               51.3           1764758                 0            963016                 0              54.6              -0.0           1418196                 0            727982                 0              51.3               0.0
High educational and high                                                                                                                                                          0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  technical educational                                                                                                                                                            0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  institutions                                198174             88855               44.8              8562              2833               33.1            198174                 0             88855                 0              44.8               0.0              8562                 0              2833                 0              33.1              -0.0
Special secondary educational                                                                                                                                                      0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  institutions( technical                                                                                                                                                          0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  schools, colleges, schools)                 121624             53209               43.7             21788              7690               35.3            121624                 0             53209                 0              43.7               0.0             21788                 0              7690                 0              35.3              -0.0
Schools (high schools,                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  secondary schools, primary                                                                                                                                                       0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  schools)                                    587197            405686               69.1           1098801            596467               54.3            587197                 0            405686                 0              69.1              -0.0           1098801                 0            596467                 0              54.3              -0.0
Other educational insti-                                                                                                                                                           0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  titions and courses                         122063             47187               38.7             30347              9646               31.8            122063                 0             47187                 0              38.7              -0.0             30347                 0              9646                 0              31.8              -0.0
Preschool institutions                        124505            116966               93.9             32190             30461               94.6            124505                 0            116966                 0              93.9               0.0             32190                 0             30461                 0              94.6               0.0
Political-cultural-educational                                                                                                                                                     0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   institutions                               208238             96892               46.5            116818             49683               42.5            208238                 0             96892                 0              46.5               0.0            116818                 0             49683                 0              42.5               0.0
Literature, press, publishing                  80686             32221               39.9             22015              6141               27.9             80686                 0             32221                 0              39.9               0.0             22015                 0              6141                 0              27.9              -0.0
Art                                           189795             67991               35.8             33612              5319               15.8            189795                 0             67991                 0              35.8               0.0             33612                 0              5319                 0              15.8               0.0
Research institutions (ex-                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  cluding research institutions                                                                                                                                                    0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  of the public health care)                  132476             54009               40.8             54063             19742               36.5            132476                 0             54009                 0              40.8              -0.0             54063                 0             19742                 0              36.5               0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  IX.PUBLIC HEALTH CARE                      1160383            872335               75.2            467532            327800               70.1           1160383                 0            872335                 0              75.2              -0.0            467532                 0            327800                 0              70.1               0.0
Medical, preventive, sanitary                                                                                                                                                      0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
   and obstetrical institutions               771288            597475               77.5            328045            234801               71.6            771288                 0            597475                 0              77.5              -0.0            328045                 0            234801                 0              71.6              -0.0
Nurseries                                     131825            124362               94.3             43107             41599               96.5            131825                 0            124362                 0              94.3               0.0             43107                 0             41599                 0              96.5               0.0
Sanatoria, resorts, holiday homes             106706             59529               55.8             70342             35069               49.9            106706                 0             59529                 0              55.8              -0.0             70342                 0             35069                 0              49.9              -0.0
Stadia, woter stations &                                                                                                                                                           0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  other institutions of                                                                                                                                                            0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  physical culture                             31483              6716               21.3              3510               454               12.9             31483                 0              6716                 0              21.3               0.0              3510                 0               454                 0              12.9               0.0
Research institutions of                                                                                                                                                           0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  public health care                           43945             29832               67.9              2392              1237               51.7             43945                 0             29832                 0              67.9              -0.0              2392                 0              1237                 0              51.7               0.0
Other institutions of                                                                                                                                                              0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  public health care                           75136             54421               72.4             20136             14640               72.7             75136                 0             54421                 0              72.4               0.0             20136                 0             14640                 0              72.7               0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  X.STATE ENTERPRISES,                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  PARTY & PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS               1525733            504789               33.1            899649            181872               20.2           1525733                 0            504789                 0              33.1              -0.0            899649                 0            181872                 0              20.2               0.0
State enterprises (ex-                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  cluding credit ans insurance)              1108305            332298               30.0            716857            132639               18.5           1108305                 0            332298                 0                30              -0.0            716857                 0            132639                 0              18.5               0.0
Credit & insurance enterprises                140723             81844               58.2             85079             26504               31.2            140723                 0             81844                 0              58.2              -0.0             85079                 0             26504                 0              31.2              -0.0
Co-operative enterprises                       56527             16737               29.6              4058               458               11.3             56527                 0             16737                 0              29.6               0.0              4058                 0               458                 0              11.3              -0.0
Party & public enterprises                                                                                                                                                         0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  and organizations                           220178             73910               33.6             93655             22271               23.8            220178                 0             73910                 0              33.6              -0.0             93655                 0             22271                 0              23.8              -0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  XI.NOT DISTRIBUTED INTO                                                                                                                                                          0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  ECONOMY BRANCHES AND                                                                                                                                                             0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
  INDICATED UNCLEARLTOTAL                    1198657            437358               36.5           2140490            223570               10.4           1198657                 0            437358                 0              36.5              -0.0           2140490                 0            223570                 0              10.4               0.0
                                                                                                                                                                                   0                                   0                                 0.0                                   0                                   0                                 0.0
                     Total                  26112177          10028433               38.4          52698799          24073678               45.7          26112177                 0          10028433                 0              38.4               0.0          52698799                 0          24073678                 0              45.7              -0.0

Original data entry errors corrected.

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