Table 38. Urban and Rural USSR Population Distributed into Occupations


                            
Table 38. Urban and Rural USSR Population Distributed 
              into Occupations

                                                     Urban                                                   Rural

                                    number            including women                      number            including women
   Occupations                        of                                                     of
                                   employed                            number             employed                            number
                                   persons                             of women           persons                             of women
                                                      number           in % to                               number           in % to
                                                                       the total                                              the total
                                                                       number in                            
                                                                       the occu-                            
                                                                        pation                              

 I.LEADERS OF THE PARTY
   ORGANIZATIONS, STATE &
   CO-OPERATIVE INSTITUTIONS
        & ENTERPRISES               1036266            141757               13.7            924009             76638               8.3
Management staff of the party,
  state, co-operative &
  public institutions &
  organizations:
   a) all-Union, 
     within a republic,
     within a region                  67670             10184               15.0              4968               382               7.7
   b) within a city,
     within a district                91578             16259               17.8             90034             10009              11.1
Leaders of the local party,
 Comsomol, professional etc.
 public organizations                 48520              7299               15.0             50753              2607               5.1
Chairmen & vice chairmen
 of the Rural Soviets                  5013               396                7.9             65760              4545               6.9
Judges & procurators                  14221              2284               16.1              5938               462               7.8
Principals of the educational
 institutions (exept primary
 schools), research insti-
 tutions, theatres, movie houses      37265              6633               17.8             35642              2705               7.6
Principals of the medical
 offices                              14034              5100               36.3              8496              3741              44.0
Principals of the enterprises:
 agricultural, industrial,
 of the forestry, construction,
 transport, communication 
 & communal                          127995             11116                8.7            113469             10200               9.0
Principals of the departments
 and local farms of the state
 farms; shops & workshops
 of the industrial enterprises;
 departments of the transport
 enterprises                         127873             12063                9.4             37318              2660               7.1
Captains of the ships                 15863                53                0.3              4525                 7               0.2
Chairmen & vice chairmen
 of the collective farms              17347               463                2.7            261437              7279               2.8
Chairmen & vice chairmen
 of producers artels &
 producers collective farms           15878              1155                7.3             11745               555               4.7
Principals & superintendants
 of the shops                        115749             19838               17.1             81238             11882              14.6
Principals & superintendents
 of the public catering
 enterprises                          30316              8948               29.5             18147              4906              27.0
Other management staff               306944             39966               13.0            134539             14698              10.9

 II.TECHNICAL STAFF                 1379322            325171               23.6            572058             75521              13.2
Engineers(exept engineers-
 the principals of
 the enterprises & shops)            225467             30799               13.7             18030              1653               9.2
Designers                             62057             17547               28.3              2537               621              24.5
Agronomists                           37084              7018               18.9             53287              8285              15.5
Veterinaries                          10688              2213               20.7              9334               978              10.5
Foresters, assessors of
 statutory prices                      8320               693                8.3             10116               521               5.2
Land surveyors, land tenurers,
 topographers                         20088              2568               12.8              8187               514               6.3
Work superintendent                   31073               545                1.8              9790               122               1.2
Foremen of the shops
 (exept foremen-workers)             198357             21076               10.6             69405              3846               5.5
Technicians                          205279             49191               24.0             44258              4571              10.3
Zootechnicians                        14631              3412               23.3             41299              9925              24.0
Agrotechnicians                        5758              1350               23.4             24758              2745              11.1
Veterinary's assistants &
 veterinary's technicians             12198              1265               10.4             67414              2911               4.3
Draftsmen                             36341             28335               78.0              2925              1763              60.3
Laboratory assistants                121406             98822               81.4             35059             25077              71.5
Road-constructors                     10744                77                0.7             21686               248               1.1
Technical staff of the 
 railway transport (exept 
 occupations indicated above)         34993              4530               12.9             20020              1675               8.4
Projectionists                        18701              1224                6.5             17805               777               4.4
Foremen                               74637              1719                2.3             38523               509               1.3
Other techical staff                 251500             52787               21.0             77625              9780              12.6

 III.MEDICAL STAFF                   705336            618998               87.8            392359            336533              85.8
Doctors (exept doctors-
 the principals of the 
 medical offices)                    104136             65348               62.8             18141              9245              51.0
Dentists                              11756              9944               84.6              2218              1787              80.6
Doctor's assistants, obstetricians    80521             63726               79.1             72011             45813              63.6
Pharmaceutists                        27889             23882               85.6              7107              5448              76.7
Nurses                               139807            138817               99.3             40079             38901              97.1
Principals & teachers
 day nurseries                        46172             46019               99.7             71648             71465              99.7
Corps men, stick nurses              266552            255346               95.8            162123            154834              95.5
Other medical staff                   28503             15916               55.8             19032              9040              47.5

 IV.CULTURAL-POLITICAL-
  -EDUCATIONAL STAFF                 821710            496397               60.4            969996            472082              48.7
Research workers, professors,
 instructors in high educa-
 tional institutions                  91104             31195               34.2              4844              1712              35.3
Teachers of primary, secondary &
 high schools, courses (inclu-
 ding primary school principals)     447409            287630               64.3            758999            369926              48.7
Physical training instructors &
   teachers                           23867              3659               15.3              4362               398               9.1
Principals & teachers of the
 children's homes & kindergartens     82026             77430               94.4             51728             46554              90.0
Library principals & librarians       61788             56337               91.2             25427             19256              75.7
Palace of culture, club &
 reading-hut principals               14549              3031               20.8             64679             16265              25.1
Writers, journalists, editors         34947              7782               22.3             10420              1202              11.5
Propagandists                          7099              1566               22.1              5998               870              14.5
Other cultural-political-
 -educational staff                   58921             27767               47.1             43539             15899              36.5

  V.PEOPLE OF ARTISTIC WORLD         125216             38569               30.8             18064              2739              15.2
Actors & producers                    52240             22129               42.4              5274              1801              34.1
Musicians & conductors                34887              5688               16.3              9118               295               3.2
Painters & sculpturers                29439              7049               23.9              3308               528              16.0
Other people of artistic world         8650              3703               42.8               364               115              31.6

 VI.JURIDICAL STAFF                   32582              4841               14.9              9636               722               7.5
Advocats                               6010               996               16.6              1420               100               7.0
Jurisconsults                         16631              2191               13.2               892                62               7.0
Other juridical staff                  9941              1654               16.6              7324               560               7.6

  VII.SECURITY SERVICES STAFF        474360             12187                2.6            271941              2735               1.0
Firemen                              229990              5870                2.6            183460              2042               1.1
Other security services staff        244370              6317                2.6             88481               693               0.8

 VIII.COMMUNICATION SERVICES STAFF   202628            152528               75.3            218333            100038              45.8
Radiotelegraphists                     9821              2715               27.6              6060              1406              23.2
Telegraphists                         40298             30904               76.7             13852              8744              63.1
Telephonists                          69101             67262               97.3             36240             33108              91.4
Mailmen                               44046             27475               62.4            137193             47784              34.8
Other communication service staff     39362             24172               61.4             24988              8996              36.0

  IX.TRADE, SUPPLY & STORAGE
         FACILITIES STAFF            773211            344054               44.5            406975             98848              24.3
Salesmen, managers of the
 store departments, stalls, buffets  490279            320423               65.4            218737             85081              38.9
Warehouse managers                   112838              7241                6.4             69567              2554               3.7
Other trade, supply & storage
 facilities staff                    170094             16390                9.6            118671             11213               9.4
 
  X.PLANNING & CONTROLLING STAFF     384527            131249               34.1            105094             12171              11.6
Economists                           163752             69944               42.7             19809              4168              21.0
Other planning & controlling staff   220775             61305               27.8             85285              8003               9.4

  XI.ACCOUNTING STAFF               1496999            871572               58.2           1072969            213890              19.9
Accountants                          665166            276862               41.6            228811             31975              14.0
Ledge clerks of the
 collective farms                     10373              1441               13.9            295108             26681               9.0
Other ledge clerks                   371505            256836               69.1            214434             68314              31.9
Statisticians                         63078             49077               77.8             35457             11080              31.2
Cashiers                             200929            152582               75.9             78365             29646              37.8
Other accounting staff               185948            134774               72.5            220794             46194              20.9

 XII.CLERICAL STAFF                  367301            317794               86.5            122056             60215              49.3
Typists                              101199            100573               99.4             18145             17788              98.0
Other clerical workers               266102            217221               81.6            103911             42427              40.8

  XIII. OTHER OCCUPATIONS OF 
          THE EMPLOYEES             1200487            303961               25.3           1242378             92640               7.5
Superintendents of the houses
 & households                         30599              5961               19.5              1202               118               9.8
Store-keepers, examiners of goods,
 distributors, weighers              333135            128855               38.7            389317             53542              13.8
Hairdressers & manicurists            88330             40684               46.1             27017              5211              19.3
Correctors                             8959              6440               71.9              1598               889              55.6
Photographers                         25721              6497               25.3              6318               845              13.4
Agents(factors)                       96519             17753               18.4             79910              5649               7.1
Other occupations of 
 the employees                       485943             81490               16.8            672067             22344               3.3
Employees without indicated
 occupation or indicated
 unclearly                           131281             16281               12.4             64949              4042               6.2

          Total                     8999945           3759078               41.8           6325868           1544772              24.4

 XIV.AGRICULTURAL OCCUPATIONS       1130601            477475               42.2          33583467          19680913              58.6
Managers of the local
 goods farms of the
 collective farms                      5501              1048               19.1            196163             40306              20.5
Brigadeleaders of tractor teams        8623               210                2.4             89068              1487               1.7
Field-crop brigade leaders            19928              1751                8.8            532190             25204               4.7
Cattle-breeding brigade leaders        6317              1014               16.1             98245             11289              11.5
Other agricultural brigade-leaders     9612              1642               17.1             80149              8983              11.2
Field-team leaders                     9006              6929               76.9            457493            385846              84.3
Managers of the hut-laboratiries,
 selectionists, yarovizators            829               128               15.4             16056              1234               7.7
Tractor operators                     60478              3026                5.0            747381             37824               5.1
Combine operators                     11321              1033                9.1            119905             10373               8.7
Quarter-master of the
 combines                               865               126               14.6              9932              2727              27.5
Operators & workers of 
 agricultural machinery                5227               849               16.2             96866             29830              30.8
Cattle-yard workers, grooms
 & milkmaids                         231550             67841               29.3           2884006           1201171              41.6
Gardiners, truck farmers              51589             25316               49.1            132524             74821              56.5
Silkworm breeder                        467               371               79.4              1481              1328              89.7
Cow-boys, herds boys                  25790              2144                8.3            557528             50189               9.0
Workers of melioration
 facilities                            2984               496               16.6             22069              2622              11.9
Other agricultural
 occupations                         621580            342772               55.1          26692212          17541076              65.7
Indicated "agriculture"
 as a profession with-
 out specification                    58934             20779               35.3            850199            254603              29.9
 XVII.OCCUPATIONS IN THE FIELD
   OF PROTECTION AND RESTORATION
        OF FORESTS                     9174               776                8.5            105292             10281               9.8
 XVIII.TIMBER AND TIMBER-RAFTING
          OCCUPATIONS                137587             18353               13.3            670980             94933              14.1
Timber-cutters, timber-sawers
 & other timber occupations          122494             15252               12.5            590441             67347              11.4
Other timber & timber-
 -rafting occupations                 15093              3101               20.5             80539             27586              34.3

  XIX. FISHING AND FISH-BREEDING
      OCCUPATIONS                     31609              7004               22.2            153759             21562              14.0

  XX.HUNTING AND FUR BREEDING
       OCCUPATIONS                     5602               431                7.7             77050              2453               3.2

  XXI.MINING OCCUPATIONS
    (exept transport)                363191             48319               13.3            225849             33330              14.8
Borers (workers),drifters             42293               413                1.0             19337               281               1.5
Operators of drilling machines         8749                50                0.6               403                 8               2.0
Coal-hewers, hackers                  95558               404                0.4             82724               499               0.6
Timberers                             63685               117                0.2              8294                22               0.3
Quarry-workers                        12719               112                0.9             19892               415               2.1
"Butchik"& workers, who               28223              2028                7.2              2274                93               4.1
 clean the rock off
Extractors & rock sorters             21104             18131               85.9              3183              2393              75.2
Prospectors                           10559               921                8.7             30165              2813               9.3
Other mining occupations              80301             26143               32.6             59577             26806              45.0

 XXII.METAL WORKERS                 3158093            448824               14.2           1193343             67144               5.6
Turners                              365589             51133               14.0             68020              6475               9.5
Milling machine operators             58107             21746               37.4              7139              2356              33.0
Other machine operators              209230            109340               52.3             31426             13050              41.5
Autogenous-, electrowelders           93804             12828               13.7             16122              1505               9.3
Toolmakers, mould operators          112130             12115               10.8             26177              2016               7.7
Metal craftsmen                      911917             33622                3.7            275915              6675               2.4
Smiths, hammer-operators             176770              2531                1.4            467847              1132               0.2
Water-line & pipe-line workers        93881               818                0.9             13509                83               0.6
Tinsmiths, coppers
 tinkers, tinmen                      70640              7215               10.2             31597              1666               5.3
Press-operators,punchers              46031             25877               56.2              9154              4396              48.0
Fitters, electicians                 353862             17310                4.9             84166              2212               2.6
Mechanics (workers)                  168673              9582                5.7             78157              1508               1.9
Metal & steel founders                21277               487                2.3              2070                63               3.0
Founders,moulders                     85180             18681               21.9             14683              2723              18.5
Rollers                               26143              3201               12.2              2633               291              11.1
Riveters, boiler-makers               78631              6456                8.2             17028              1596               9.4
Watch-makers, jewellers               14741              2207               15.0              3265               733              22.5
Other metal workers                  271487            113675               41.9             44435             18664              42.0

  XXIII.OCCUPATIONS IN
    WOODWORKING INDUSTRY             532072             86420               16.2            475336             71900              15.1
Turners, planers & other
 machine operators                    64182             31219               48.6             26551              9015              34.0
Frame-makers, loaders
"zakomelschik"                        12077              2141               17.7              8018              1406              17.5
Model-makers                          18201               532                2.9              2133                68               3.2
Joiners                              302581              6011                2.0            186133              1433               0.8
Coopers                               30462               548                1.8             38116               263               0.7
Wheel-wrights, waggon makers           7261               161                2.2             32327               158               0.5
Basket makers                          8994              4169               46.4             27633             10067              36.4
Tar-sprayers                           2378               302               12.7             15144              1592              10.5
Other occupations in
 woodworking industry                 85936             41337               48.1            139281             47898              34.4

  XXIV.OCCUPATIONS IN 
    PAPER INDUSTRY                    15011              8465               56.4              7041              3856              54.8

  XXV.OCCUPATIONS IN
     PRINTING INDUSTRY               133896             77813               58.1             29177             14096              48.3
Linotypists & monotypists              2884              1336               46.3               260               126              48.5
Type-setters                          28167             13026               46.2             13899              7142              51.4
Printers & "nakladchik"               36223             19301               53.3              6691              2004              30.0
Engravers, cartographers, copysts      4275               838               19.6               346               118              34.1
Bookblinders & bookletblinders        34290             23025               67.1              3467              2074              59.8
Cardboarders                          13697             11792               86.1              2156              1691              78.4
Other occupations
 in printing industry                 14360              8495               59.2              2358               941              39.9

  XXVI.TEXTILE WORKERS               658457            534906               81.2            401361            270125              67.3
Textile apprentices                   35190              2927                8.3             10202               409               4.0
Scutchers, combers                    24551             19698               80.2             13003             10726              82.5
Movers                                30444             29797               97.9              6101              5912              96.9
Ribbon makers, "bankabroshnitsy"      37942             37544               99.0              5817              5697              97.9
Spinners                              79867             67501               84.5             35627             30643              86.0
"Snovalshitsy","shlikchtovalshiky",
  winders                            102867             93697               91.1             29496             25710              87.2
Weavers                              146043            130818               89.6             67632             59154              87.5
Dyers, printers                        8315              2865               34.5              2972               703              23.7
Knitters                              55741             52981               95.0             34448             33592              97.5
Felters, fullers                      21734              7824               36.0             89556              9814              11.0
Lace makers                            4137              4034               97.5             28659             28578              99.7
Carpet-makers                          2985              2747               92.0             11640             11527              99.0
Other textile occupations            108641             82473               75.9             66208             47660              72.0

  XXVII.OCCUPATIONS IN
    SEWING INDUSTRY                  512109            412752               80.6            216171            142534              65.9
Cutters, shock-contourers             16939              8455               49.9              2378              1157              48.7
Sewing machine operators              65897             65083               98.8              6363              6231              97.9
Taylors                              328050            256011               78.0            155783             87913              56.4
Visored cap makers, hatters           30506             19422               63.7              8004              5160              64.5
Embroideresses & stitchers            16367             15291               93.4             28274             27970              98.9
Other occupations
 in sewing industry                   54350             48490               89.2             15369             14103              91.8

 XXVIII.OCCUPATIONS IN TANNING       100348             43137               43.0             87246             10478              12.0
Tanners, sheepskin makers             19684              8215               41.7              5273              1545              29.3
Fur-dressers, furriers                18976             13107               69.1              6958              5097              73.3
Harness  makers                       36785              4968               13.5             70742              1145               1.6
Other occupations in
 tanning                              24903             16847               67.7              4273              2691              63.0

 XXIX.OCCUPATIONS IN SHOE
        INDUSTRY                     280055             77234               27.6            230856             13051               5.7
Cutters                               14204              6802               47.9              1588               681              42.9
Upper makers, stitchers,
 upper sewers                         42963             29777               69.3              8043              4097              50.9
Boot-makers, shoe-makers             165110              7021                4.3            214207              4632               2.2
Other occupations in
 shoe industry                        57778             33634               58.2              7018              3641              51.9

 XXX.OCCUPATIONS IN FOOD
        INDUSTRY                     355310            170515               48.0            337525            103205              30.6
Mill workers & flower 
 supply service workers               19102              3830               20.1             95469              1951               2.0
Cooks, steam-treating operators,
 pasteurization operators             10435              5739               55.0              8648              3567              41.2
Slaughter-house workers, 
 carcass cutters                      16446              2882               17.5              9331               543               5.8
Fish-smokers, fish-salting makers      3873              1536               39.7              4371              1567              35.8
Bakers, pastry-cooks                 158998             61579               38.7            121866             44849              36.8
Tobacco-workers                       12064             10180               84.4              2496              1608              64.4
Other occupations in
 food industry                       134392             84769               63.1             95344             49120              51.5

  XXXI.OCCUPATIONS IN CHEMICAL 
             INDUSTRY                156733             79325               50.6             35274             14355              40.7

 XXXII.OCCUPATIONS IN MINERAL
        INDUSTRY                     141822             69966               49.3             89705             32108              35.8
Moulders, framers                     18412              9107               49.5             22809              7517              33.0
Burners                                6655              1148               17.3              5716               495               8.7
Potters                                3600               227                6.3             11833               841               7.1
Other occupations in
 mineral industry                    113155             59484               52.6             49347             23255              47.1

 XXXIII.POWER PLANT AND
      LEVER MACHINES WORKERS         428685            118079               27.5            156861             16481              10.5
Power plant operators                188096             70533               37.5             84569              8597              10.2
Stokers                              156000             13597                8.7             55810              3621               6.5
Other occupations at power
 plants and lever machines            84589             33950               40.1             16482              4262              25.9

 XXXIV.CONSTRUCTION WORKERS         1219043             90890                7.5           1275176             30063               2.4
Excavator operators                    6139               131                2.1              2889                22               0.8
Navvies & "grabari"                  193475              9458                4.9            128312              7416               5.8
Steel erectors                        11960               588                4.9              3562                90               2.5
Marble  & facing workers               4790               529               11.0               554                33               6.0
Concrete workers                      38640              2533                6.6              9869               435               4.4
Bricklayers                          101955              5127                5.0             74135              1339               1.8
Carpenters                           449844              1115                0.2            823642               900               0.1
House painters                       136987             28103               20.5             39199              5334              13.6
Caisson workers                         602                 7                1.2               185                 4               2.2
"Tyubbingschiki"                         53                 1                1.9                 6                 0               0.0
Road machinery operators                877                61                7.0               780                20               2.6
Roofers                               19501               188                1.0             10150                66               0.7
Stove setters                         68104              2165                3.2             58484              1299               2.2
Plasterers                           105027             20630               19.6             42405              5850              13.8
Other occupations in
 construction                         81089             20257               25.0             81004              7252               9.0

 XXXV.OCCUPATIONS IN
   RAILWAY TRANSPORT                 547787            105851               19.3            391170             68918              17.6
Locomotive drivers
 & their assistants                  139575              1289                0.9             24926               260               1.0
Electrolocomotive  & train
 drivers                               7618              1396               18.3               432                40               9.3
Locomotive stokers                    32026               652                2.0              9927               175               1.8
Train guards                          40551              1862                4.6             13612               496               3.6
Car inspectors &
 car lubricators                      50273              4292                8.5             18252              1102               6.0
Train make-up workers, couplers,
 "bashmatchniki"                      34215              1718                5.0             15021               540               3.6
Track repair workers                  96824             30840               31.9            146550             36560              24.9
Trackwalkers & rail guards            33893             12457               36.8             71961             11000              15.3
Conductors                            44637             22614               50.7             15402              5571              36.2
Switchmen                             55690             25030               44.9             66668             11373              17.1
Other occupations in
 railway transport                    12485              3701               29.6              8419              1801              21.4

 XXXVI.OCCUPATIONS IN
    WATER TRANSPORT                   92205              5412                5.9             68133              6460               9.5
Ship drivers                          20801               272                1.3              8539               138               1.6
Ship stokers                          10127                94                0.9              3489                34               1.0
Ship lubricators                       2503                42                1.7              1134                46               4.1
Barge-skippers                        12911               213                1.6             11191               174               1.6
Sailors                               37821              4052               10.7             22173              3718              16.8
Other occupations in
 water transport                       8042               739                9.2             21607              2350              10.9

 XXXV.OCCUPATIONS IN AUTO-
  AND ELECTRO-TRANSPORT              505480             55546               11.0            345044             14675               4.3
Tractor operators ex-
 cluding those occupied
 in agriculture                       21021               489                2.3             28578               729               2.6
Drivers                              415188             12032                2.9            309831              8239               2.7
Streetcar, subway &
 trolleybus drivers                   18882              6714               35.6              1058               281              26.6
Streetcar, bus &
 trolleybus guards                    36278             32916               90.7              2145              1903              88.7
Auto-trolley & electro-trolley
 operators                             2923              1578               54.0               330               111              33.6
Other occupations in
 auto- & electro-transport            11188              4817               43.1              3102               412              13.3

 XXXVI.OTHER TRANSPORT OCCUPATIONS  1293619            128740               10.0           1225009            113405               9.3
Waggoners, draymen                   421157             12120                2.9            697180             45592               6.5
Horse herd drivers,
 timber-rafting drivers               30349              1863                6.1              5619               668              11.9
Loaders                              667638             66099                9.9            411734             48211              11.7
"Otkatchiki","vozilshiki"            116387             46499               40.0             55346             15611              28.2
Porters                                4750               200                4.2              1118                42               3.8
Other transport occupations           53338              1959                3.7             54007              3276               6.1

 XXXIX.PUBLIC CATERING OCCUPATIONS   339768            368444              108.4            238002            105494              44.3
Cooks                                178489            124083               69.5            175947            149796              85.1
Waiters & waitresses                 132214            122787               92.9             53041             51217              96.6
Other public catering
 occupations                          29065             21574               74.2              9014              4481              49.7

  X. OTHER INDUSTRIAL
       OCCUPATIONS                  2529805           1245635               49.2           2427049            520344              21.4
Stamp makers, punchers                24683             21287               86.2              6822              3536              51.8
Wrapers,packers, liquid
 pourers                             138675             97597               70.4             48817             25482              52.2
Lubricators & machinery
 cleaners                             59883             32149               53.7             17123              5323              31.1
Goods painting workers                35421             24185               68.3             10052              6834              68.0
Washers                               68447             67459               98.6             27293             26597              97.4
Inspectors, sorters                  351258            263564               75.0             95590             64543              67.5
Counting & measuring workers          29938             23428               78.3             11648              4770              41.0
Carriers                             150640            106990               71.0             45571             28762              63.1
Laundresses, ironing workers         109960            108628               98.8             47837             47040              98.3
Unskilled workers                    549959            277682               50.5            497061            221966              44.7
Other industrial
 occupations                         819446            145473               17.8           1526456             65712               4.3
Workers without
 indicated profession                191495             77193               40.3             92779             19779              21.3

  XIV.ECONOMY SERVICE STAFF         2057928           1310029               63.7           2168485            811526              37.4
Door-keepers, guards                 664674            103867               15.6           1461155            173773              11.9
Yard-keepers                         104939             36096               34.4             10292              1108              10.8
Office cleaners, "kubovshitsy"       937899            920669               98.2            576949            561646              97.3
Furnace-men                           52129             22952               44.0             20588              7055              34.3
Couriers, errand men                  95569             83765               87.6             27516             16551              60.2
Other workers of economy service     202718            142680               70.4             71985             51393              71.4

  XV.HELPS                           376242            376014               99.9            158570            158216              99.8

   Total                           26112177          10028433               38.4          52698799          24073678              45.7
Adding: persons occupied in
     individual private production  1345344           1328457               98.7           6928220           6540042              94.4

Материалы переписи населения СССР 1939 г.